ѹ : 2016-03-30 14:46:04 ӹǹҪ : 1106 views

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Ͷͧк俿դӤѭҤصˡ ѹͧҡ˵آѴͧҧ俿ҨзԴ٭¤ö͡㹡üԵ ͧѡҤ٧Ҩش 㹻ѨغѹçҹصˡҤӹѡҹҴ˭֧ʶҹ俿繢ͧͧ 觼ŷդͶФͧ㹡ҹк俿ҢͧçҹصˡҤӹѡҹѧ

 

 

          к˹俿Ңͧ俿 ʶҹ俿ç٧ͧ١ҷͧ俿 çҹصˡ ѡ¢Ҵ˭ (Complex) ǨѺѧҹ俿Ҩҡ俿§˹ Ըա (Tap) ѧٻ 1 觢ͧ俿ҷѡɳҧʶҹ¢ͧ俿Ẻٻ (Open-loop) ׺ͧҡ˵ؼ»С ҧʶҹ¢ͧ١ͧѺͧ 駺ҳ㹡ŧع٧ աСҨзк˹¢ͧ俿դͶ͵ŧ ѹͧҡػóѴ͹觷俿öǺµç ੾㹪ǧҩءԹ Ẻѡɳдѧǹ١ѹǹҹ Сöͺʹͧͧâͧ١㹢йҧ ѹͧҡ¡͹ӹǹͧԴŵ (Fault) ҡȷ͹ҧѹͧҡ觹٧ҡ觡ҧ͹ҧҡ

 

 

ٻ 1 ʶҹ١ҡѺк˹¢ͧ俿

 

          Ѩغѹ¾Ѳҡ੾ࢵا෾ л ԴҧҤ٧ çҧ٧ ɳ, ҧǹ, ҧö俿 觼ŷҨ㹡Դÿŵ캹ҡҧѴਹ˵طǺҡӺҡ ¡ҧ ٻ 2 ŵ캹ҡȷԴҡ¼ɳһⴹ觵ͧ˹§ҹҪõͧ͡ºǺɳҵðҹ

 

 

ٻ 2 ʴŵ캹ҡѹͧҡɳһⴹ

 

          ŵҡҨԴҡѵҵ ֧աػóͧѹöлͧѹءó ҧʹ Դŵҡա 2 ѧٻ 3 »ҧҡ觨ҡ˹ѧա˹觤͹ҧҧ ͡ʷ蹡ǨзԴŵ չաͧԴաѹ·˹仡з˹ աǡзա˹觷Դŵ

 

 

ٻ 3 ʴŵ캹ҡѹͧҡա

 

          д˵ءóԴŵ 俿Ҩ֧ӡõԴԵմ (LBS: Load-break Switch) ǺҡŨӹǹ 3 Шش ѧʴٻ 4 ͨзӡԵ觶ŴǴ觢㹡óթءԹ¡俿ö觻ŴѺԵմҡٹ觡 ҧáҧŵԴѧöҵ˹觡ԴѴਹ 俿Ҩ繵ͧ㹡öǨ 駡˵آͧŵ͡ҡҡȫ觵ͧҡ͹зӡԵ觶Ŵ 觼ŷŴ躹ҡȹ俿ҹҹ੾жԴտŵ㹪ǧҷҨõԴѴ 俿鷴ͧԸա㹡êҵ˹觢ͧŵ캹ҡȨҡش §Ըա÷բͨӡѴ͹ҧҡ õԴ FCI (Fault Circuit Indicator) оػóشѹͧҡҡȢͧ·͹ ͡õԴ駡ͧǧûԴʧŪѹԴҡŵöǨͺءó

 

 

 

ٻ 4 ʴػó LBS ˹觨ش

 

 

1. ʶҹѺ¹Ҵ (Switching-unit Substation)

 

          ҡѭҴѧҢҧ 俿Ҩ֧ӡ͡ẺͻѺاк ش ¡ҧʶҹѺ¹ҴͤͶѺ١ к˹¢ͧ俿ͧ Ѻ١ç٧ 觻Ԩ١һçҹصˡͧäͶͧк俿٧ѺüԵء ѹ ÷ԵԹѹ˹ Ҩ٭١ҹҹ ѹͧҡ١ҢͧçҹռԵͧóթءԹ ¹Ե ͧͼԵշ᷹ջѭҨ֧СѺ繼Եա駫觡Һ ˵ؼѡɳдѧǷ١俿ç٧˭֧ͧǹçʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硴 ҨͺԹ;鹷㹡áҧʶҹѺ¹Ҵ 觡ҹͶ٧ش 俿Ҩ֧͡ẺաҡԹҡʶҹѺ¹Ҵѧʶҹ¢ͧ١Ҵѧʴٻ 5

 

 

ٻ 5 ʴҧʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硡Ѻʶҹ١

 

          ʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硡 ʶҹ¢Ҵժҧ俿һШʶҹ (Unmanned Substation) ŧѧ ͡Ẻͨشʧ͡ö͹Ŵҧдǡ öҺȢͧ˹觿ŵ캹ҡҧ١ͧ »ʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硨ѺԹ (Incoming Line) ӹǹ 2 Źҡк˹¢ͧ俿 觵俿Ҵҵ (Outgoing Line) ӹǹ 2 3 ѧʶҹ١Ҵѧʴٻ 6 ͡÷Ե觶ŴǴǢ ʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硵ͧԴ駷ͧѹ١ͧ 鹤 ͧѹȷҧ зҧ ͼŵҧ ѺͨӡѴͧзҧҡ ѧٹ SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) öǺ͹ҧ١ͧ੾㹪ǧҩءԹ

 

 

ٻ 6 ʴʶҹѺ¹Ҵ㹹ԤصˡҴкѧ

 

 

2. кǺѺʶҹѺ¹Ҵ

 

          ѹԧӹǹʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硹Ἱ͡ẺͧкǺ SCADA á 觼ŷԴ§᪹ͧͧ͢ (Communication Channel) ͧػó͹͹ (Front End) ͧ SCADA ͧѺἹԴͧʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硷 觡ҹҤҢ᪹ͧôѧǡҤҤ͹ҧ٧Ҥһҳͧ˹ҹҷ ͷٹ SCADA öǺ͹鹵ͧա͡ẺкǺʶҹ (SCS: Substation Control System) öͧѺͨӡѴѧ ѧ鹡俿Ҩ֧Ԩóʶҹ١ 2 鹤 ١˹§ҹҪ ١͡ Ѻʶҹ١˹§ҹҪù鹡俿Ҩͧ੾ Ѻʶҹ١᪹ͧ͡ẺѹѺʶҹ¢ͧ俿ͨкèӹǹͧ÷ӡѴ ҧá᪹ͧѹբͨӡѴ㹡äǺػó 鹤 öӡä͹ػóѴ͹ҡ˹觵ǡѹ 觼Ҩз÷ԵҪҢ硹 ׺ͧػó૤蹴ʶҹѺ¹ҴҨٻẺѺ»Ѩ ҳʹѺʹع дѺӤѭͧŴ ʹѺʹعءͧ㹡äǺʶҹ к SCS еͧʹѺʹعѧ IEC61850-MMS-client Ѻ͡Ѻͧѹ IEC61850 ѺѴҧ俿, ʶҹ㹵ͧѹ ҧáͧѹ繻 IEC61850 кǺʶҹ¨Ըʹ¤͹ (Hard-wiring) ѺͧѹѺ੾ʶҹ ǹͧѴ繵ͧ (Power Meter) ⵤ Modbus к SCS ѧͧ͹ ФǺػóռҹ¤͹ 觷Ӥѭͧк SCS ͧʹѺʹعѧ IEC61850-MMS Server Ẻ Шӹǹ MMS Report §ѺͧѺ͹ 鹤 CCU ӹǹ 2 Ƿʶҹ¢ҧ§ ˹ҷࡵ觢ŵٹ觡 SCADA ѧٻ 7 ˵㴵ͧͧͧѺ CCU ӹǹ 2 ǡ CCU 鹷˹ҷẺ Hot-Standby 觡ѹСѹ

 

 

 

ٻ 7 ʴʶҹѺ¹Ҵ㹹ԤصˡҴкѧ

 

          ˹㹵ҧ ʶҹѺ¹Ҵ㹹ԤصˡҴкѧ ʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硴ѧǨ觢ʶҹѧػó CCU ӹǹ 2 HMI (Human-Machine Interface) ͧʶҹҴкѧͧ俿 ѧ HMI ͧʶҹҴкѧö͹ФǺͧػóѴ͹ʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硴ѧǾѺٹ SCADA ѧʴٻ 8

 

 

ٻ 8 ʴʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硺 HMI ͧʶҹ¢ҧ§ IEC61850 MMS

 

          ׺ͧҡٹ SCADA Ҩѭҳԧžµ (Single-point Indication) ӹǹ 2 ѭҳ᷹˹ػóԵѴ͹ 4 ʶҹ (Running, Close, Open Fault) к HMI ҵðҹ IEC61850 鹨ѭҳѺžµ (Double-point Indication) ᷹ʶҹػóѴ͹ ѧͧѺٻẺѭҳᵡҧѹк SCS ͧտѧ㹡 Ѻ I/O ѧŨԤ˹ᵡҧѹͧ IEC61850 ѧٻ 9

 

 

ٻ 9 ʴ I/O ŨԤ˹ҵðҹ IEC61850

 

 

3. ѧ蹶͹Ŵҧʶҹ (ILTF: Intersubstation Line Transfer Function)

 

          ѧ蹶͹Ŵҧʶҹ ˹㹿ѧѵѵԷ١͡ẺѺö͹ŴóթءԹͶѺʶҹ俿ҷ俿ѡɳԹŹ (Inline) 觡ʶҹѺ¹Ҵ硷ҨԹŹٻ ѧ蹶͹Ŵҧʶҹ ILTF зӧҹŨҡʶҹշǢͧ ѧкè֧觷ͧ

 

 

ٻ 10 ʴҧʶҹͷӿѧ ILTF

 

          Ѻʶҹ·ҵðҹ IEC61850 觡١ҧ㹻ѨغѹѺصˡѧҹ俿 ʶһѵ¡âͧҵðҹ IEC61850 зӧҹ෤ (Ethernet) TCP/IP ѧ ʶҹҵðҹ IEC61850 öáѺʶҹ ͷӿѧ ILTF ׺ͧҡѧ ILTF 鹵ͧä㹡õͺʹͧ٧ ѧ鹨֧繵ͧ૨ GOOSE (Generic Object Oriented Substation Event) 㹡÷ӧҹ ૨ GOOSE 鹷ӧҹ鹴ҵԧ (Data-link Layer) ѧ鹿ѧ ILTF ֧ͧк͢·ͧ蹢Ҵ˭¡ͧ͢·ͧ蹢ͧʶҹҴ¡ѹ鹴ҵԧػó¡¤͹ (Media Converter F/O-to-Ethernet Modem) ״͢·ͧҡѹҹǹʧѧٻ 10  ҧáҧ͢·ͧ蹢Ҵ˭ըش͹¨ش ռšзҡҿԡ (Traffic) ҡʶҹ˹աʶҹ˹ ͧдѺʹ¢ͧ͢·ŧ ѧ鹼͢¨еͧ͹ԡػóԵշشŴšзشҷ

 

 

ٻ 11 ʴҧ÷ӧҹͧѧ ILTF

 

          ҧ÷ӧҹͧѧ ILTF ѧٻ 11 çѹӵǨçѹԴ鹺觷ʶҹյ鹷ҧ 1 ʶҹ·俿ẺԹŹ 0.2 Թҷ Тйѭҳ ǡѺкͧѹԴ鹷ʶҹԹŹ ʶҹٻ ѧ鹿ŵͧԴҧʶҹյ鹷ҧ 1ʶҹԹŹ͹ ѧ ILTF лŴԵáͧԹ觷Ѻҡʶҹյ鹷ҧ 1 ¡ŵ͡͹ ѧҡ鹡ѺԵá˹觺ʤѻͧʶҹ·ٻ ͨ觵;ѧҹ俿ҨҡʶҹٻѺ俿Ҩҡʶҹյ鹷ҧ 2 ѧʶҹԹŹ 俿ҴѺʶҹԹŹҡ᷺ռšз

 

 

͡ҧԧ

1. K.Budka, J.Deshpande, T. Doumi, M. Madden, T.Mew: Communication Network Architecture and design principles for Smart Grid, Bell Labs Tech., 2010
2. J.Fulcher, An Introduction to Microcomputer Systems: Architecture and Interfacing. Addison-Wesley, Sydney,1989
3. S. Mackay, E.Wright, D. Reynders and .J Park, Practical Industrial Data Network: Design, Installation and Troubleshooting. IDC Technologies, Perth,2004
4. International Electrotechnical Commision. IEC60870-5 Telecontrol equipment and systems. Part 5: Transmission protocols
5. K. Brand, V.Lohmann, and W. Wimmer, “Substation Automation Handbook”, Utility Automation Consulting Lohmann, Bremgaten, Switzerland, 2003.
6. Natural Resources Defense Council: Renewable Energy for America, NRDC
7. C. Kriger, S.Behardien, and J.Reonda-Modiya, A Detailed Analysis of the GOOSE Message Structure in an IEC61850 Standard-Based Substation Automation System, 2013

 

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